**Syntax:**

fix ID ave/surf group-ID Nevery Nrepeat Nfreq value1 value2 ... keyword args ...

- ID is documented in fix command
- ave/surf = style name of this fix command
- group-ID = group ID for which surface elements to perform calculation on
- Nevery = use input values every this many timesteps
- Nrepeat = # of times to use input values for calculating averages
- Nfreq = calculate averages every this many timesteps zero or more input values can be listed
- value = c_ID, c_ID[i], f_ID, f_ID[i], v_name
c_ID = per-surf vector (or array) calculated by a compute with ID c_ID[I] = Ith column of per-surf array calculated by a compute with ID, I can include wildcard (see below) f_ID = per-surf vector (or array) calculated by a fix with ID f_ID[I] = Ith column of per-surf array calculated by a fix with ID, I can include wildcard (see below)

- zero or more keyword/arg pairs may be appended
keyword =

*ave**ave*args = one or running one = output a new average value every Nfreq steps running = accumulate average continuously

**Examples:**

fix 1 ave/surf all 1 100 100 c_surf ave running fix 1 ave/surf leftcircle 10 20 1000 c_mine[2] fix 1 ave/surf leftcircle 10 20 1000 c_mine[*]

**Description:**

Use one or more per-surf vectors as inputs every few timesteps, and
average them surface element by surface element by over longer
timescales, applying appropriate normalization factors. The resulting
per-surf averages can be used by other output commands such as the
dump surf command. Only surface elements in the surface
group specified by *group-ID* are included in the averaging. See the
group surf command for info on how surface elements can
be assigned to surface groups.

Each input value can be the result of a compute or fix. The compute or fix must produce a per-surf vector or array, not a global or per-particle or per-grid quantity. If you wish to time-average global quantities from a compute or fix then see the fix ave/time command. To time-average per-grid quantities, see the fix ave/grid command.

Each per-surf value of each input vector is averaged independently.

Computes that produce per-surf vectors or arrays are
those which have the word *surf* in their style name. See the doc
pages for individual fixes to determine which ones produce
per-surf vectors or arrays.

Note that for values from a compute or fix, the bracketed index I can
be specified using a wildcard asterisk with the index to effectively
specify multiple values. This takes the form "*" or "*n" or "n*" or
"m*n". If N = the size of the vector (for *mode* = scalar) or the
number of columns in the array (for *mode* = vector), then an asterisk
with no numeric values means all indices from 1 to N. A leading
asterisk means all indices from 1 to n (inclusive). A trailing
asterisk means all indices from n to N (inclusive). A middle asterisk
means all indices from m to n (inclusive).

Using a wildcard is the same as if the individual columns of the array had been listed one by one. E.g. these 2 fix ave/surf commands are equivalent, since the compute surf command creates a per-surf array with 4 columns:

compute mySurf all all n fx fy fz fix 1 ave/surf all 10 20 1000 c_mySurf[*] fix 1 ave/surf all 10 20 1000 c_mySurf[1] c_mySurf[2] & c_mySurf[3] c_mySurf[4]

The *Nevery*, *Nrepeat*, and *Nfreq* arguments specify on what
timesteps the input values will be used in order to contribute to the
average. The final averaged quantities are generated on timesteps
that are a multiple of *Nfreq*. The average is over *Nrepeat*
quantities, computed in the preceding portion of the simulation every
*Nevery* timesteps. *Nfreq* must be a multiple of *Nevery* and
*Nevery* must be non-zero even if *Nrepeat* is 1. Also, the timesteps
contributing to the average value cannot overlap, i.e. Nfreq >
(Nrepeat-1)*Nevery is required.

For example, if Nevery=2, Nrepeat=6, and Nfreq=100, then values on timesteps 90,92,94,96,98,100 will be used to compute the final average on timestep 100. Similarly for timesteps 190,192,194,196,198,200 on timestep 200, etc.

If a value begins with "c_", a compute ID must follow which has been
previously defined in the input script. If no bracketed term is
appended, and the compute calculates a per-surf vector, then the
per-surf vector is used. If *c_ID[I]* is used, then I must be in
the range from 1-M, which will use the Ith column of the M-column
per-surf array calculated by the compute. See the discussion above
for how I can be specified with a wildcard asterisk to effectively
specify multiple values.

Users can also write code for their own compute styles and add them to SPARTA.

If a value begins with "f_", a fix ID must follow which has been
previously defined in the input script. If no bracketed term is
appended, and the fix calculates a per-surf vector, then the per-surf
vector is used. If *f_ID[I]* is used, then I must be in the range
from 1-M, which will use the Ith column of the M-column per-surf array
calculated by the fix. See the discussion above for how I can be
specified with a wildcard asterisk to effectively specify multiple
values.

Note that some fixes only produce their values on certain timesteps,
which must be compatible with *Nevery*, else an error will result.
Users can also write code for their own fix styles and add them to
SPARTA.

For averaging of a value that comes from a compute or fix, normalization is performed as follows. If the compute or fix is summing over particles to calculate a per-surf quantity (e.g. pressure or energy flux), this takes the form of a numerator divided by a denominator. For example, see the formulas discussed on the compute surf doc page, where the denominator is 1 (for keyword n), area times dt (timestep) for the other quantities (press, shx, ke, etc). When this command averages over a series of timesteps, the numerator and denominator are summed separately. This means the numerator/denominator division only takes place when this fix produces output, every Nfreq timesteps.

Additional optional keywords also affect the operation of this fix.

The *ave* keyword determines what happens to the accumulation of
statistics every *Nfreq* timesteps.

If the *ave* setting is *one*, then the values produced on timesteps
that are multiples of Nfreq are independent of each other.
Normalization as described above is performed, and all tallies are
zeroed before accumulating over the next *Nfreq* steps.

If the *ave* setting is *running*, then tallies are never zeroed.
Thus the output at any *Nfreq* timestep is normalized over all
previously accumulated samples since the fix was defined. The tallies
can only be zeroed by deleting the fix via the unfix command, or by
re-defining the fix, or by re-specifying it.

**Restart, output info:**

No information about this fix is written to binary restart files.

This fix produces a per-surf vector or array which can be accessed by
various output commands. A vector is produced if only a single
quantity is averaged by this fix. If two or more quantities are
averaged, then an array of values is produced, where the number of
columns is the number of quantities averaged. The per-surf values can
only be accessed on timesteps that are multiples of *Nfreq* since that
is when averaging is performed.

Surface elements not in the specified *group-ID* will output zeroes
for all their values.

**Restrictions:** none

**Related commands:**

**Default:**

The option defaults are ave = one.