The following paper is the best reference for citing SPARTA. It describes the DSMC and parallel algorithms used in the code. Please also give the URL of the SPARTA web site in your paper, namely http://sparta.sandia.gov.
Direct Simulation Monte Carlo on petaflop supercomputers and beyond, S. J. Plimpton, S. G. Moore, A. Borner, A. K. Stagg, T. P. Koehler, J. R. Torczynski, M. A. Gallis, Physics of Fluids, 31, 086101 (2019). (abstract)
Below are other papers describing simulations performed with SPARTA or other aspects of the code.
If you send us information about a paper that uses SPARTA results, we'll be pleased to add info about it to this page. Ditto for any pictures or movies suitable for the Pictures & Movies page.
Non-equilibrium effects on flow past a circular cylinder in the slip and early transition regime, X.-J. Gu, R. W. Barber, B. John, D. R. Emerson, J Fluid Mechanics, 860, 654-681 (2019). (abstract)
Molecular-Level Simulations of Turbulence and Its Decay, M. A. Gallis, N. P. Bitter, T. P. Koehler, J. R. Torczynski, S. J. Plimpton, G. Papadakis, Phys Rev Letters, 118, 064501 (2017). (abstract)
Direct simulation Monte Carlo investigation of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, M. A. Gallis, T. P. Koehler, J. R. Torczynski, S. J. Plimpton, Phys Rev Fluids, 1, 043403 (2016). (abstract)
A horizontal vane radiometer: Experiment, theory, and simulation, D. Wolfe, A. Larraza, and A. Garcia, Physics of Fluids, 28, 037103 (2016). (abstract) (http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4943543)
Direct simulation Monte Carlo investigation of the Richtmyer-Meshkov instability, M. A. Gallis, T. P. Koehler, J. R. Torczynski, S. J. Plimpton, Physics of Fluids, 27, 084105 (2015). (abstract) (http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4928338)
Modeling of Rarefied Hypersonic Flows using the Massively Parallel DSMC Kernel SPARTA, A. Klothakis and I. K. Nikolos, 8th GRACM International Congress on Computational Mechanics, Volos, Greece, July 2015. (abstract)
Direct Simulation Monte Carlo: The Quest for Speed, M. A. Gallis, J. R. Torczynski, S. J. Plimpton, D. J. Rader, T. Koehler, 29th Intl Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics in Xi'an, China, AIP Conf Proc, 1628, 27 (2014). (abstract)